Why Regenerative Agriculture?
Allen R Williams, Ph.D., Soil Health Academy Instructor
As I described in my preceding blog, it is getting crazy out there and the panic buying is not subsiding. What is occurring in our nation, and around the world, only serves to substantiate why we need regenerative agriculture now more than ever. It is no longer just about the climate, our water quality, and our ecosystems. They are all still vitally important, but an even more pressing need has emerged.
In the past several decades our agriculture and food systems have become increasingly consolidated and centralized. The four largest meat processors handle more than 80% of all meat products produced in the U.S. In the dairy industry, 53% of all milk is now produced by only 3% of the total number of dairies. Those 3% are dairies with more than 1000 cows. In the state of Wisconsin alone, there were more than 75,000 family owned dairies in the 1970’s. Today there are fewer than 7500 with several hundred more going out of business each year. In the row crop sector, there are far fewer farms compared to just 20 years ago, but the average size of a farm has increased dramatically.
Why is this a problem when faced with a pandemic such as the Coronavirus? Look no further than your bare local grocery store shelves. Food has to travel more than 1500 miles in the U.S. to get to its final destination of a grocery store or restaurant. As I explained in my prior blog, we do not have a shortage of food in the U.S. as we have more than 8 billion pounds in frozen stocks. What we have is a transportation problem that is easily overwhelmed. Centralized food production, processing, and cold storage seem wonderful and awfully efficient when everything is working well. However, when things break down we find ourselves scrambling for food.
In addition, the larger the farm and the larger the processor, the more people there are that touch your food and everything it comes in contact with. This puts us all at a heightened risk. Its hard not to be in close proximity to your fellow workers in a large food processing plant. Moving back to regenerative agriculture means we can trend back towards smaller family owned farms that are profitable and support the families that operate them. This means fewer hands touch the food being produced on those farms.
More family farms means more local and regional processing. These plants are substantially smaller than the massive plants operated by the large food companies. That equals fewer hands touching the food in those plants.
Now to be fair, the hands that touch food in any plant, large or small, are gloved hands. But it is not just hands that transmit viruses. It is the breath of any carrier as well. I am not saying that the big food companies are bad and large plants are bad. No. They have their place. What I am saying is that if they are our only option, we limit ourselves in a number of ways.
Locally and regionally produced food allows for far more options for the consumer. It is easier to transport and get to consumers in a local market. Local and regional production support rural economies and return financial stability to the families that live in these rural communities.
More farms practicing regenerative principles equals healthier soil. Healthier soil equals more nutrient dense foods. More nutrient dense foods equals better human health. Better human health equals stronger immune systems and greater ability to fight off challenges like the coronavirus. Better human health is a direct result of supporting a thriving and diverse gut microbiome. That can only come from better foods. In my next blog I will explain how the gut microbiome is the key to our immune system strength and ultimate health.